Our health is related to the environment we live. Environmental constituents like, water, air, and soil have adverse effects on our health especially when polluted.
Disruption in the environment is mainly caused by pollutants such as toxic chemical and biological waste. Some physical activities also contribute to waste generation. This calls for treatment of the waste to curb this hazard.
Items contributing to environmental pollution
Coal ash remains
Coal is mainly used in industries for heating or warming the living places during the winter season. Most people depend on coal for heating due to its low cost. The burning of this product produces enormous amounts or carbon monoxide and vanadium to our environment.All these by-products have an adverse effect on our health as they make living conditions difficult. Coal by-products also lead to water pollution when they find their way into the water sources.
Disruption of water life balance
Polluted water has an imbalance of minerals such as calcium. Increased carbon dioxide levels have also lead to the formation of acid rain. The reduction in numbers of aquatic animals like salmon fishes has been a major concern to the environmentalists. The low number of salmon fishes would result in an imbalance on the food chain. Some fish like trout feed on salmon fish.
Human-related activities like agriculture, industrialization, and greenhouse construction have led to the increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The high levels of this gas have led to global warming thus increasing the disease incidence in all living things. The levels of the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide should be maintained at all times.
Poor sanitation and water shortage
From statistics, about 2.5 billion people have no access to proper sanitation. About six to eight million people die annually from water-related diseases such as cholera more than 83% of the world’s population live in dry areas where water is not sufficient.Inadequate water supply has lead to increased level of dehydration due to intense heating. This call for adequate measures to be taken to reduce the effects of polluted and contaminated water.
Proper water treatment would reduce the death rates associated with dirty water. According to WHO about 760,000 children lose their lives from Diarrhea disease every year.Water pollution can be controlled by water treatment, distillation, exchange of ions, electrocoagulation and reversal of osmosis. Various governmental departments have been set up to make and implement laws governing pollution.